Medical cannabis, also known as medical marijuana, is a plant-based medicine that is used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including arthritis. Cannabis contains chemicals called cannabinoids, which have been shown to have therapeutic effects on the body. These chemicals interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which plays a role in regulating functions such as pain, inflammation, and sleep.
Two main cannabinoids found in cannabis, cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), have been shown to have therapeutic effects in the treatment of arthritis. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid that produces a feeling of euphoria or “high.”
There is growing evidence that medical cannabis can be effective in managing the symptoms of arthritis, including reducing pain and improving sleep. A study published in the Journal of Rheumatology found that cannabis reduced pain and improved sleep in people with rheumatoid arthritis. Another study published in the European Journal of Pain found that cannabis reduced pain and improved quality of life in people with osteoarthritis.
Medical cannabis can be administered in several ways, including smoking dried plant material, consuming it in the form of edibles, or taking it as a tincture or oil. These methods allow for more precise dosing and may be more suitable for people who do not want to inhale smoke.
The use of medical cannabis is still a controversial topic and is not legal in all countries. If you are interested in using medical cannabis to manage your arthritis, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to see if it is a suitable treatment option for you.
Overall, the evidence suggests that medical cannabis may be effective in managing the symptoms of arthritis, including pain and sleep disturbances. More research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits and risks of medical cannabis, but it may be a viable option for those who have not found relief with other treatment methods. As with any medical treatment, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider and follow their recommendations to ensure the safe and effective use of medical cannabis.